A team of archaeologists discovered the remnants of giant forts dating back to the Bronze Age about four thousand years ago, which were surrounded by the old Khyber oasis, west of Saudi Arabia.
According to the researchers, these forts are the largest structures discovered so far, and their discovery will contribute to a better understanding of the details of the social life of the first stable societies in the region.
Details of this discovery, which was carried out by researchers from the National Center for French Scientific Research and the Royal Commission for Al -Ula Governorate, will be published in the February issue in the journal of the Scientific Archaeological Sciences Journal of Journal of Arkalujikal Science ‘.
In an environment in which the past and the present meet, the Khyber Oasis in the northwest of Saudi Arabia revealed some of its old secrets dating back to thousands of years. They are giant walls dating back to 4000 years, which may rewrite the history of old societies in the region.
According to a statement published on the website of the French Center for Scientific Research, the researchers compared field surveys and remote sensing data to estimate the original dimensions of the Khaybar Oasis fortifications. The results showed that the fences extend along a length of more than 14.5 km and a height of about 5 meters, while its thickness ranged between 1.7 and 2.4 meters.
However, these walls have disappeared today, and only 5.9 km left, with the remains of 74 fortresses. The team identified the era of building these forts using radioactive carbon and found that it was located between 2250 and 1950 BC. Its construction engineering reveals the ingenuity of its design and the accuracy of its implementation by the ancient residents in the region.
Regarding the motives for establishing these walls, which surround a vast area that exceeds 110 hectares that include residential and agricultural areas, researchers believe that they may be for multiple purposes such as protecting the oasis from external threats, showing strength, or demarcating the regional borders for administrative or economic reasons.
The analysis of these structures reveals evidence of the military strategies adopted by the population at that time to defend themselves and some of their social practices, and it also shows a complex society capable of protecting its resources and managing them efficiently.
Fuasoun reveals the beginning of the stability of the population in the region
Previous studies highlighted the presence of old oases fortified in other areas in the Arabian Peninsula, such as the Tayma and the village regions, and revealed that the Tayma Oasis – for example – was ancient surrounded by high fences that extend to about 19 km.
The researchers believe that the forts appeared when the Bedouin population began to gradually settle for reasons that may belong to the climatic conditions that have become more dry in the region about 4200 years ago.
The researchers ranked the Khyber Oasis among the largest fortified oases in Saudi Arabia. Through its strategic location in the north of the Arab Desert, these oases have formed a real green island in a desert environment, and vital centers for stable societies with basic resources such as water and fertile lands that allowed the development of agricultural activity.
These fortifications – as the authors of the study say – witness an organized and complex community capable of implementing large -scale construction projects, and also indicates that there are close relationships with other groups or civilizations in the region.
As a center of life, Khyber needed protection and managing its precious resources, as this defensive system for the protection of oases in the Bronze Age emerges urban expansion in the northwest of the Arabian Peninsula, which continued to develop during subsequent periods.
According to the researchers, the discovery stimulates the expansion of the research to include other sites from the region with the aim of better understanding old Arab civilizations, which will enable the disclosure of aspects that were not previously known from ancient Arab history and culture.
It also highlights the importance of the Arabian Peninsula in world history because it is not only a transit area, but also a settlement and innovation area.