Perhaps a group of scientists at the University of California, USA, may solve the long -term puzzle behind the effectiveness of electric shock therapy, which includes stimulating a controlled seizure at some point in the brain by passing electrical currents, which makes the treatment in this way particularly effective in Treating mental disorders, including depression, is one of the most common mental and behavioral disorders in the world.
In a recent research published in the magazine ‘Transitional Psychiatry’, researchers propose an unfamiliar hypothesis that he believes that electric shock therapy relieves symptoms of depression by increasing the incomplete activity in the brain, a type of electrical activity that lacks a fixed pattern and relates to ‘noise Brain background ‘.
The term “brain background noise” usually indicates an uterinary or internal nervous activity that occurs in the brain even in the absence of external stimuli, and this continuous measurement of this nervous activity is often using techniques such as brain electrical planning or functional magnetic resonance imaging
Despite its effectiveness, electric shock therapy has gained a negative reputation due to historical photography as painful shocks with high electric voltage. However, the modern procedure uses high -control doses of electricity and is managed under anesthesia, making it safer and less shocking than what is imagined.
The rate of success of electric shock therapy reaches 80% in patients, with some defects that include temporary confusion, cognitive weakness, and the need for frequent treatment sessions.
In their work, the researchers used an electrical planning technique to examine brain activity in patients who undergo electric trauma treatment to treat depression, and they also investigated a similar treatment called the treatment of magnetic seizures, which stimulates seizures using magnets instead of electrodes. Both remedies have increased levels of periodic activity in patients with patients after treatment.
As a result, scientists believe that the non -periodic activity associated with the noise of the brain’s background plays a decisive role in improving the performance of the brain, and the researchers suggest that electric shock therapy helps to restore these functions in individuals with depression, especially by enhancing the inhibitory activity in the brain.
While these results prove a link between periodic activity and the benefits of electric shock therapy, the researchers emphasize the need for more studies, and they are looking forward to verifying a possible use of non -periodic activity as a measure to assess the effectiveness of other depression treatments, including medications.